In our desire to provide you with the teaching of Messiah Yeshua in a Jewish context, we provide in-depth teachings of the weekly Torah portions throughout the year. Below are various perspectives from various teachers and staff members from Netivyah Bible Instruction ministry.

Joseph Shulam: Every Life Will be Redeemed [2021]

The reading of the Torah is from Parashat Naso, Numbers 4:21 – 7:89. From the prophets (Haftarah), it is from Judges 13:2-25. The reading from the New Testament is from Acts 21:17-26.

The Torah portion from Numbers has some important teachings for us today:

  1. The numbering (taking the census) of the priests and the Levites in this Torah portion is a very interesting and a divine revelation to understand the Lord God of Israel better. After counting the numbers of each of the family of the priests and Levites we find out the reason for this census:

    “Then the Lord spoke to Moses, saying: ‘Now behold, I Myself have taken the Levites from among the children of Israel instead of every firstborn who opens the womb among the children of Israel. Therefore, the Levites shall be Mine, because all the firstborn are Mine. On the day that I struck all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, I sanctified to Myself all the firstborn in Israel, both man and beast. They shall be Mine: I am the Lord.’” – Numbers 3:11-13 [NKJV]

    • What we have here is extremely interesting and extremely ignored by most Christians. The Lord delivered Israel in the last and tenth plague from Egypt. The firstborn of Egypt died by the hand of the Lord. Now God commands Moses and Aaron to count the men of the tribe of Levi and sanctify them for service to the Lord. Each priest and Levi will redeem the firstborn of Egypt that died in the tenth plague. This was the purpose of this special counting of the men of the tribe of Levi and the sons of Aaron.
    • Because there was more Egyptian firstborn who died in the tenth plague, every firstborn in Israel had to be redeemed with the five shekels of silver in order to fulfill the number of the Egyptian firstborn who died.
    • What do we learn from this about the Lord and His sense of justice and righteousness? The tenth plague that killed all the firstborn of Egypt killed innocent people in order to deliver the children of Israel from slavery and because the hardness of the heart of Pharaoh. Now, God wants to redeem those firstborn of Egypt by sanctification of the Levites and priests from the tribe of Levi, the tribe of Moses and Aaron. The Lord does this by taking away the personal choice and freedom of the sons of Aaron and the tribe of Levi, and making them servants in the Tabernacle and later in the Temple in Jerusalem. This is also the reason why every firstborn male child in Israel has to be redeemed with five shekels of silver even to this very day.
    • God doesn’t suffer injustice and innocent death even when this death was necessary to free Israel from Egyptian slavery. Every injustice and every innocent wronged, will be redeemed by a life in exchange. The sons of the tribe of Levi are dedicated to the service of the Lord and by this the firstborn sons of Egypt who died in the tenth Plague, are redeemed.
  2. The “sotah” is a woman whose husband is suspicious that she committed adultery. How can this issue be resolved? Once a person is suspicious of something it is very difficult to either prove him wrong or prove him right. This is especially true in the family. There is no forensic evidence that will elevate the husband or the wife from their suspicion. The Lord devised a system that is the ordeal of bitter water or ordeal of jealousy as described and prescribed in the book of Numbers chapter 5. The ashes of the red heifer (Numbers chapter 19) are mixed with water and the woman drinks from this water and according to the woman’s reaction it becomes clear if she is guilty or not. It is a very interesting psychological test that works on the same principle as a polygraph. I find this narrative fascinating and although some would say that it is “magic” or “witchcraft” – I find God’s instruction in this case extremely modern and interesting. It is the use of psychology to conjure the inside feeling and hidden emotions of a person’s heart and bring them up to the surface.
  3. The Nazarite laws (Numbers 6:1-21) sets the laws of the Nazarite. The most famous Nazirite in the bible is Samson (Judges 13:2–24) one of the judges that has this very interesting story of an angel that announces to Samson’s mother that she will be pregnant and that her son will be a Nazarite, a person who will have a special life style. He will not drink wine or even grape juice or have a haircut. Manoah, Samson’s father, was not happy that the angel came to talk to his wife first. So, he demanded that the angel come to him in person and give him the news. So, the angel of the Lord complied and came to talk to Manoah in person and to confirm the message that he has given to Samson’s mother. In this story there are so many interesting parallels to the annunciation of the Angel of the Lord to Mary the mother of Yeshua. Samson was born and raised as a Nazarite and didn’t cut his hair until he fell for a Philistine barroom prostitute that deceived him and got him drunk and cut his hair, which was the source of his strength.

The Torah is full of background information important for understanding the rest of the Bible, and especially understanding of the New Testament.

The reading from the prophets this Shabbat is connected to Samson. The reading from the New Testament is from Acts chapter 21:17-26.

Paul and seven non-Jewish disciples arrive in Jerusalem to celebrate the Feast of Pentecost (Shavuot, the Feast of Weeks). Upon their arrival in Jerusalem a delegation of leaders of the community of the faithful from Jerusalem comes to greet them at the entrance to the city.

Among the chief people who came to greet Paul and the disciples was Jacob (James) the brother of Yeshua. Paul tells Jacob (James) of the great success that He had among the gentiles in Asia Minor and Greece.

Jacob (James) tells Paul the following:

“And when they heard it, they glorified the Lord. And they said to him, ‘You see, brother, how many myriads of Jews there are who have believed, and they are all zealous for the law…’” – Acts 21:20 [NKJV]

This is an amazing revelation for most Christians. Jacob and the delegation that came to greet Paul and the disciples tell Paul that there are tens of thousands of Jews who “believed” in Yeshua and continue to be zealous for the Torah.

This is a very important bit of information that has been ignored by the Christian churches since the early 4th Century after Christ. It can’t be deleted! It can’t be hushed and hidden, but it can be ignored malignantly by the leaders, pastors, elders, cardinals, and popes.

The implications of this text are very far-reaching for Christian history. This information that the Holy Scriptures reveals to us in this text proves that the historical post-Constantinian church and all her daughters (the Protestant churches) have by design and premeditation, twisted the Word of God.

If they would have affirmed this scripture, there couldn’t have been the Spanish and Portuguese Inquisition that burned many tens of thousands of Jews alive because the wanted to celebrate the Passover or eat kosher food. I could go on and on with this issue, but I will hold my peace and ask you to renew your mind and focus on the Word of God.

Joseph Shulam: The Importance of the Aaronic Blessing [2018]

The Torah reading of this Shabbat is going to be Naso. This Parasha ends with what is called the Aaronic blessing (Numbers 6:22-27):

“And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying: ‘Speak to Aaron and his sons, saying, “This is the way you shall bless the children of Israel. Say to them: ‘The Lord bless you and keep you; The Lord make His face shine upon you, And be gracious to you; The Lord lift up His countenance upon you, And give you peace.’”’ So they shall put My name on the children of Israel, and I will bless them.” – Numbers 6:22-27

This is a kind of universal blessing that even Catholic and Greek Orthodox churches use to bless their parishioners. It is a little strange for me that these Christians that actually reject the Old Testament and the Torah of God use this Aaronic Blessing and the tithing for the priest of Israel and the Temple as the holy grail. These Christians adopt what they want from God’s word and reject the authority of what is called the Old Testament, but the blessings and the money they want to keep.

What does this blessing that is given to Aaron and his sons actually say?

  1. “The Lord bless you:” God is going to bless you. Therefore don’t seek a blessing from the idols of your day, or from the people of your city and country. Depend on God for your blessing in life. If God blesses you, you will be truly blessed. If men bless you, you will forever be indebted to them. If men bless you, they cannot really keep/protect/guard you. Only God can bless you and protect you, and guard you and your life.
  2. “The Lord make his face to shine upon you:” One of the worst predicaments in the word of God is when God hides His face from you. In other words, God does not want to hear you or have a relationship with you. You can read Ezekiel 39:22-27 and see the consequences of the sin of Israel when God hides His face from you. This blessing of Aaron states that God is going to shine His face on you – you will have personal and clear communication and access to a personal relationship with the Almighty God of Israel and God will smile (shine) His face toward you.
  3. God will be gracious to you. He will measure your life, successes and falls, with his grace and not with His measure of justice and judgment. This is a very important blessing because it declares the attitude of God toward His children and not toward His enemies.
  4. “The Lord lift up His countenance upon you, And give you peace.” This is the ending statement and summary of the Aaronic blessing: God will look with favor upon you. This is a request of God to pay attention to you and show favoritism toward you. This might sound strange to Western ears. The priest of Israel, Aaron’s children, asks God to show special favor to Israel and to His children. Literally, “to lift up the face toward” means to treat favorably, even to show favoritism!
  5. God will grant you well-being, shalom, wholeness, and bring you within His borders (space of calmness and security).

It is such a great privilege for the men of our congregation every Shabbat to bless the children and their mothers with this blessing. Fathers need to bless their children and their family with this blessing at least once every week. I often say that this blessing and blessing of your children and wife every week is such a great privilege and encouragement.

My father was a good father, but he never blessed me. On the other hand, he cursed me thousands of times. I became what God has made me by the grace of God and the blood of Yeshua. It would have been nice if my father would have blessed me!

But, God the Father of us all has blessed me and you and He and He alone is the source of real blessings. I thank my Father in Heaven, the Lord of glory, for His blessing, and I thank Him who is above all and in all for blessing me personally and all of humanity who seek His blessing and redemption daily.

Yehuda Bachana: God’s Blessing is for This Life [2018]

Read the teaching below, or watch a video of the teaching by Yehuda Bachana.

This week’s Torah portion is particularly long and dense and deals with a wide variety of subjects. It begins with the building of the camp and the organization of the tribes. Later on, it discusses how a husband should deal with his wife when he is suspicious of unfaithfulness.

It also touches on the bitter water test, the laws of the Nazirite, as well as the well-known Priestly Blessing.

The Priestly Blessing

Though it is the priest who speaks the blessing, the blessing ultimately comes from God.

The Priestly Blessing is a special blessing that is recited daily in every synagogue in Israel. It is typically recited during the return of the public emissary towards the end of the Amidah prayer during the morning prayer time.

Outside of Israel, however, it is customary to say the Priestly Blessing only during the holidays.

Archaeological excavations in the Valley of Hinnom in Jerusalem discovered two silver amulets on which the Priestly Blessing was engraved. These amulets are dated around the year 600 BC, which was the time of the First Temple.

Today more and more Messianic communities have begun to use this blessing, especially during international conferences, it seals the event and blesses the participants. In our congregation we also bless those gathered, most importantly the children.

As a child, when I went with my father to the neighborhood synagogue, the Priestly Blessing was one of the most impressive experiences.

The priests would take off their shoes, cover themselves completely with their prayer shawls, and step forward reverently, standing in front of the holy ark and loudly reciting the Priestly Blessing.

Due to the fact that many Messianic congregations greet their audiences with this blessing, I would like to analyze its structure and meaning.

It Comes From God, Not From Man

The scripture did not only state a blessing, but it also provided the precise phrasing, and the preceding verse emphasizes this to the priests:

“…This is how you are to bless the Israelites…” – Numbers 6:23b [NIV]

We have here an exact determination of the phrasing of the blessing. This emphasizes the divine source of the blessing, and illustrates the perception that the priests are only the conduit for it.

From the words of God at the end of the blessing one can understand that indeed, the priests are the ones who actually say the blessing, but God is the only one that can truly bless.

“So they will put my name on the Israelites, and I will bless them.” – Numbers 6:27 [NIV]

The term “I” emphasizes the source of the blessings: “I” and not the one who is called on my behalf to minister, meaning that the blessing is from God.

A Unique Structure

At the outset we face a challenge that is not simple, the challenge of language.

Many commentaries on this blessing are based on the Hebrew; whether it be the syntactic structure of the blessing, the number of letters, the verbs, and the location of each word.

In Hebrew, this blessing is divided into three parts. Each of the blessings has two verbs in the future tense, and found between these two verbs we have the explicit name of God.

“The Lord bless you and keep you;” – Numbers 6:24 [NIV]

“the Lord make his face shine on you and be gracious to you;” – Numbers 6:25 [NIV]

“the Lord turn his face toward you and give you peace.” – Numbers 6:26 [NIV]

What attracts the eye is the intensifying structure. In the Hebrew text of the first blessing, we have three words. In the second, we have five words, and in the third, seven words.

Again, in the Hebrew text, there is an increase in the number of letters: 15 in the first blessing, 20 in the second, and 25 in the third.

A Physical Blessing

Many commentators point to this and ask, “Is this a coincidence, or is there an intensification also in the content of the blessing?”

A common understanding finds an intensification in the content as well:

The first blessing is a material and earthly blessing, the second blessing is a spiritual and intellectual blessing, and the third blessing is a blessing for the next life.

“The Lord bless you and keep you;” – Numbers 6:24 [NIV]

“Bless” is a reference to wealth and assets, and the idea that “without bread, there is no Torah.” “Keep,” refers to any negative influence or harm caused by people, enemies, or those who are against you.

The idea is that if a person does not have enough to live on, he cannot serve God wholeheartedly, because of an empty, rumbling, stomach.

However, if the house is full of all good things, and the physical and material side is sorted out, a person can devote himself wholeheartedly to the service of God and the studying of His Word.

This is not about a reward or prize, but rather it is a step towards what is good and spiritual.

The Blessing of Delayed Gratification

In almost every religion, it is acceptable for a someone to live a life of celibacy and poverty in order to achieve transcendence. This can be seen with monks, for example.

Sometimes this ideology has substance. Chapter 6 in our parasha speaks about the laws of the Nazirite.

The Apostle Paul also encourages us in the New Testament to take a certain amount of time for abstinence, prayer, and fasting.

At the same time, however, Paul also asks that abstinence be for only a short period of time, because very quickly we can lose balance, and instead of ascending above, we will smash lustfully into the mud below. The key point here is balance.

Ultimately, delaying gratification is meant to give us a better life. That, in the end, things will be better, not worse.

A Spiritual Blessing

“the Lord make his face shine on you and be gracious to you;” – Numbers 6:25 [NIV]

This blessing is interpreted as being a way to give wisdom and knowledge to better understand the Word of God, to learn what one’s place in the world is, and to learn the path to the next life.

It is actually a request that we continue to be vessels in the hands of God that He will use us for His glory.

The goal is for the leadership of God in the world to focus on us, and at the same time, not distance us from others, but on the contrary:

“that all those with feelings and thoughts around us will see in us the foundation and the answer to their existence.” – Rabbi Hirsch

This is a very interesting commentary from Rabbi Hirsch, and I dare say that this is Yeshua’s idea towards us as his disciples. Our goal should be that people around us will see the light and the life that we produce, and they will want to be a part of the Kingdom of Heaven because of it.

This idea of being a light, be it a personal light towards our neighbors, or on a national level, as a people or a movement that is a light to the world, repeats itself over and over in the interpretation of Scripture.

The simple reason for this is that it is one of the many foundations of Scripture. This is one of the main requirements of Yeshua the Messiah. That from our lives, from our faith, we must produce light.

God’s Blessing is for This Life

“the Lord turn his face toward you and give you peace.” – Numbers 6:26 [NIV]

Traditional interpretation sees this blessing as a benediction for the next life, that God will turn His face towards us and give us eternal peace.

Personally, I believe that the vast majority of scriptures focus on this world, blessing us now, our relationship with God and with others in this world.

Therefore, I see this blessing as being directed to this world, as a blessing of peace, for this is what we strive towards.

In fact, this is the name of our capital, Jerusalem – the City of Peace.

Golda Meir, one of the prime ministers of Israel, described this aspiration with a deep understanding:

“We can forgive the Arabs for the killing of our children. We cannot forgive them for forcing us to kill their children. We will have peace with the Arabs only when they love their children more than they hate us.” – Golda Meir

We wait and pray for this day in which love will triumph, for this moment when the concern for the future of their children will defeat their hatred towards us.

Though we must keep in mind that this hatred is a hatred that originates in religion. It is not a hatred between people, rather a hatred of progress, of understanding, and of openness.

This religious war can only be won by Yeshua with the truth and with love.

We understand that the Word of God is directed primarily towards the life in this world, that this life will be a blessing. This world is not just a dark corridor to life in the world to come; our goal is not to send our children to commit suicide and take others with them to the next life.

The goal is to live in the present times. God gave us the Torah to read and observe for our present lifetimes. This is the truth only found in Yeshua the Messiah.

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